The Foreign Affairs Review


The Johns Hopkins Foreign Affairs Review is an undergraduate-run journal. Sponsored by the International Studies Program and the International Studies Leadership Council, this brand forum is open to publishing the works of undergraduate students. All articles have a strong international relations focus ranging from political science, economics, history, and sociology to other area related studies.


Asia Political Science Uncategorized

The End of East Asian Pacifism: Nuclear Policy in Japan and South Korea

By Aaron Pultman and Sarah Rosenberg

Executive Summary

North Korea’s nuclear arsenal poses a monumental threat to its neighbors throughout Asia. South Korea and Japan, however, are in particular danger due to their proximity to the rogue nation and their ties to the United States. There are numerous possible solutions to resolve this danger, yet they vary in their efficacy, feasibility, and practicality. Two specific possibilities stand out from previous literature on the subject: Japan and South Korea can develop their own nuclear arsenals, or maintain the status quo by relying on the U.S. nuclear umbrella. Both of these strategies carry just as many drawbacks as positive aspects, including cost and effectiveness. We propose a different solution: the deployment of U.S. nuclear weapons to Japan and Korea. This solution rates the highest in its practicality and capability to truly deter North Korean aggression. We use speeches, polls, and articles to demonstrate that this solution would be met with favor in the two countries. This strategy will provide the region with a stable measure to counter North Korean nuclear hostility and maintain peace.